The Kitanemuk (“kih-TAN-e-muk”) Indians occupied the west end of the Antelope Valley and up through the western Tehachapi Mountains into the southern San Joaquin Valley.
The Antelope Valley was a major trade area, with trade items passing through representing 120 different Indian cultures of the California coast, Southwest, Great Basin Desert, and Central Valley regions.
The area between Fairmont and Antelope Buttes was one of the most significant rhyolite quarries in California, supplying "blanks" that were traded out for making projectile points.
A spring between the buttes provided water and wildlife to support a significant occupied site. Low walls at the top of Fairmont Butte were built as hunting blinds - herds of animals were chased up the hill, and easily captured at the top.
Remember, collecting artifacts is a serious federal crime; leave any objects you find exactly where they were, so they stay in their archaeological context. Do not pick them up and bring them to park staff.
To learn more about the Indian cultures of the Antelope Valley, visit the Antelope Valley Indian Museum, open weekends 11 a.m. - 4 p.m.
The Kitanemuk people are now federally recognized as the Tejon Indian Tribe.